Agora (pl. Agorae): a marketplace or, more generally, an assembly area located in the middle of the city.

Amphora (pl. Amphorae): a tall jar with two handles and a narrow neck.

Andron: a room in the household reserved for meetings and entertainment. Primarily used by men, although there is some evidence of it being used occasionally for mixed-gender events.

Arche: the tip of the spear, the first rank of the phalanx.

Ariston: the midmorning meal, the first of the two meals a Tyrrean would have during the day.

Aspis (pl. Aspides): a large wooden shield coated with bronze and carried by the hoplites.

Basileus (pl. Basilei): a baron or lord. The leader of a city-state.

Chiton: a linen or wool tunic worn by men and women, fastened at the shoulder and belted at the waist.

Chlamys: a rectangular cloak mostly worn by soldiers.

Deipnon: the evening meal and the largest of the day.

Drachma: a silver coin. Each city-state mints its own. One drachma is roughly the daily salary of a skilled worker and the equivalent of six obols.

Ennea: the mobilisation of nine able-bodied citizens out of ten.

Ephebe: a young man serving a two-year military apprenticeship. After the first year, he receives his own spear and shield. After completing his service, he assumes the full rights of a citizen.

Hera Herkeios: the aspect of Hera known as the protector of the hearth.

Hiereiai: the priesthood. In Tyrris, there are only female priestesses, and their position is either inherited or granted by appointment.

Himation: a cape or shawl worn over a chiton.

Hoplite: a citizen soldier of the Tyrrean city-states, armed with a spear and shield.

Katasterismoi: the constellations, mythological figures placed among the stars.

Kopis (pl. Kopides): a forward-curving, one-handed blade with a single edge.

Kosmetes: a teacher supervising the athletic and military training of the ephebes.

Krater: a large jar or vase used to dilute wine with water.

Kylix (pl. Kylikes): a broad, shallow wine-drinking cup with two symmetrical handles.

Linothorax: a breastplate made from sheets of hardened linen.

Lochagos (pl. Lochagoi): a captain. A man who fights in the first rank of the phalanx, the foremost of a file.

Malaka: a curse word meaning idiot or fool.

Misthios: a mercenary, a soldier for hire.

Obol: the smallest form of currency. Six obols make up one drachma.

Panoply: a complete suit of armour. For a hoplite, most likely a helm, a cuirass, and greaves.

Parthenos: a virgin, used disparagingly towards unmarried women.

Phalanx: a square or rectangular military formation using a combination of shield wall and spear hedge tactics.

Polis (pl. Poleis): a city-state, i.e. a city that has governance over the contiguous territory. In Tyrris, the city-states are ruled by a basileus.

Pteruges: strips of leather linked together to protect the hips or upper arms.

Sophistes: a teacher supervising the rhetoric, historical, and geographical aspects of an ephebe’s education.

Strategos (pl. Strategoi): a military general, commander of a city-state’s armed forces.

Strigil: a small curved blade used to scrape sweat and dirt from the skin.

Symposium (pl. Symposia): a primarily male social gathering, where discussion and light debate are helped along by large amounts of wine and other forms of entertainment.

Taverna: an establishment serving wine.

Tavli: an early version of backgammon.

Telos: the file-closers, the last rank of the phalanx.

Thorakes: a bronze breastplate. The most common are the ‘bell’ and ‘muscle’ varieties.

Tenderhand: new recruits who still have smooth, unmarked palms.

Xiphos (pl. Xiphe): a double-edged short stabbing sword, traditionally made of iron.