Agora (pl. Agorae): a marketplace or, more generally, an assembly area located in the middle of the city.
Amphora (pl. Amphorae): a tall jar with two handles and a narrow neck.
Andron: a room in the household reserved for meetings and entertainment. Primarily used by men, although there is some evidence of it being used occasionally for mixed-gender events.
Arche: the tip of the spear, the first rank of the phalanx.
Ariston: the midmorning meal, the first of the two meals a Tyrrean would have during the day.
Aspis (pl. Aspides): a large wooden shield coated with bronze and carried by the hoplites.
Basileus (pl. Basilei): a baron or lord. The leader of a city-state.
Chiton: a linen or wool tunic worn by men and women, fastened at the shoulder and belted at the waist.
Chlamys: a rectangular cloak mostly worn by soldiers.
Deipnon: the evening meal and the largest of the day.
Drachma: a silver coin. Each city-state mints its own. One drachma is roughly the daily salary of a skilled worker and the equivalent of six obols.
Ennea: the mobilisation of nine able-bodied citizens out of ten.
Ephebe: a young man serving a two-year military apprenticeship. After the first year, he receives his own spear and shield. After completing his service, he assumes the full rights of a citizen.
Hera Herkeios: the aspect of Hera known as the protector of the hearth.
Hiereiai: the priesthood. In Tyrris, there are only female priestesses, and their position is either inherited or granted by appointment.
Himation: a cape or shawl worn over a chiton.
Hoplite: a citizen soldier of the Tyrrean city-states, armed with a spear and shield.
Katasterismoi: the constellations, mythological figures placed among the stars.
Kopis (pl. Kopides): a forward-curving, one-handed blade with a single edge.
Kosmetes: a teacher supervising the athletic and military training of the ephebes.
Krater: a large jar or vase used to dilute wine with water.
Kylix (pl. Kylikes): a broad, shallow wine-drinking cup with two symmetrical handles.
Linothorax: a breastplate made from sheets of hardened linen.
Lochagos (pl. Lochagoi): a captain. A man who fights in the first rank of the phalanx, the foremost of a file.
Malaka: a curse word meaning idiot or fool.
Misthios: a mercenary, a soldier for hire.
Obol: the smallest form of currency. Six obols make up one drachma.
Panoply: a complete suit of armour. For a hoplite, most likely a helm, a cuirass, and greaves.
Parthenos: a virgin, used disparagingly towards unmarried women.
Phalanx: a square or rectangular military formation using a combination of shield wall and spear hedge tactics.
Polis (pl. Poleis): a city-state, i.e. a city that has governance over the contiguous territory. In Tyrris, the city-states are ruled by a basileus.
Pteruges: strips of leather linked together to protect the hips or upper arms.
Sophistes: a teacher supervising the rhetoric, historical, and geographical aspects of an ephebe’s education.
Strategos (pl. Strategoi): a military general, commander of a city-state’s armed forces.
Strigil: a small curved blade used to scrape sweat and dirt from the skin.
Symposium (pl. Symposia): a primarily male social gathering, where discussion and light debate are helped along by large amounts of wine and other forms of entertainment.
Taverna: an establishment serving wine.
Tavli: an early version of backgammon.
Telos: the file-closers, the last rank of the phalanx.
Thorakes: a bronze breastplate. The most common are the ‘bell’ and ‘muscle’ varieties.
Tenderhand: new recruits who still have smooth, unmarked palms.
Xiphos (pl. Xiphe): a double-edged short stabbing sword, traditionally made of iron.